Brain Research in the Foreign Language
Current Biology: Newborns' Cry Melody is Shaped by Their Native Language (December 2009)
E-School News: Frontiers of Brain Research: Neuroscience is shaping classroom practice (August 2009)
USA Today: New "science of learning" could reinvent teaching techniques (July 2009)
Science Daily: How Does Language Exist in the Brain? (June 2008)
Phi Delta Kappan: Brain-Based Education--A fresh look (February 2008)
Northwestern University: Learning a Second Language: Is It All In the Head? (July 2007)
NSTA: Calcium's role in the Brain (calcium
regulates the recharging of high-frequency auditory nerve cells after
they have fired a burst of signals,
NewScientist: Bilingualism delays onset of dementia (January 2007)
NSTA: Science and the Brain (January 2007)
How People Learn
(See Part 2 - Mind & Brain)
CREATING A BRAIN-COMPATIBLE CLASSROOM
The first step for creating a brain-compatible classroom is to consider the
emotional and physical factors that affect learning a second language.
Eight important factors to consider are:
SUMMARY: USING MULTIPLE TEACHING STRATEGIES THAT TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION THE DIFFERENT LEARNING STYLES AND INTELLIGENCES REPRESENTED IN YOUR CLASSROOM WILL FACILITATE THE CREATION OF A "BRAIN COMPATIBLE" LEARNING ENVIRONMENT FOR ALL YOUR STUDENTS.
Both Bimonte (1998) and Kovalik (1994) explain the need for creating a classroom atmosphere that enhances all students' learning. Furthermore, a brain-compatible classroom encourages active participation and teaches positive learning skills, ultimately creating lifelong learners.
Utilizing this type of constructivist model involves treating the learning process as a social process where individual perceptions of reality simultaneously occur that provide building blocks for the construction of linguistic knowledge.
Bimonte, R. (1998, October/November). “Mysteries of the Brain: Students thrive in a brain-compatible learning environment.” Momentum, 16-18.
Kovalik, S. (1994). ITI: The Model Integrated Thematic Instruction. Kent, Wash.: Books for Educators.
Links and citations to additional information are provided below:
|Kennedy, T. J. & Reese, S. (2007). "A look at Research on Foreign Language Learning and the Brain." The Language Educator, 2(6), 32-35.|
|Kennedy, T. J. (2006). “Foreign language learning and its impact on the brain: Connecting language learning with the mind through content-based instruction.” Foreign Language Annals, 39(3), 471-486.|
|Coggins, P. E., Kennedy, T. J. & Armstrong, T. A. (2004). Bilingual Corpus Callosum Variability. Brain and Language, 89(1), 69-75. Go to Pub Med to see the abstract of this article. Type the title in the search option.|
|Brain Areas Indicating Bilingualism Found (October 2006)|
|How the Brain makes way for a second language|
|The bilingual brain: Proficiency and age of acquisition of the second language (1998)|
|Why Learn Languages?|
|10 Years of Brain Imaging Research Shows The Brain Reads Sound By Sound|
A Global Perspective on Bilingualism and Bilingual Education
G. Richard Tucker
Brain Research: Implications for Second Language Learning
Discussion on Bilingual Acquisition
|Language Development in Bilingual Children|
The Definition of The Brain & Learning
The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD)
|Learning second language changes brain--Bilingual people have more grey matter in key region. "Neurolinguistics: Structural plasticity in the bilingual brain", Nature 431, 757. Oct. 13, 2004|
|Being Bilingual Protects Brain|
Learning new language helps reduce brain decay.
June 14, 2004
Concepts about Teacher Education, Learning and Neuroscience
(Article published in the NWATE Journal of Educational Practices, 2002) You will need Adobe Acrobat to read this file.
To download Adobe Acrobat Reader go to www.adobe.com
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Brains show signs of two bilingual roads. July 12, 1997
Foreign Languages: An Essential Core Experience
National Geographic-Roper Public Affairs 2006 Geographic Literacy Survey
|The Effect of Second Language Learning on Test Scores, Intelligence and Achievement--Compelling Research Findings Regarding The Necessity Of Learning A Foreign Language (Bibliography)|
|Brain research cited with FLES 2000|
|Bilingualism Pays Off!|
|Additional Resources and Links|
--Content-Based Language Learning Materials--
The GLOBE Program and Language Learning and Making Content Connections through GLOBE
Barahona Center --
NSTA Recommended science books in Spanish
--Eric Resources on Content-based language
Anacleta's Spanish and World Language /
Culture Resources Web site
If you find a great resource for brain research
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